I have put together a simple guide to 10 practical and logical steps you need to follow when investing so to find out more, read on…
It is too easy to side-tracked from planning your future, our lives are busy after all, but it rarely needs to be as complicated as some might make out. My role is to make this simpler and easier for you so while we discuss serious topics, so our conversation is friendly and the language straightforward.
The financial services industry is full of jargon and sales messages so sometimes it can be difficult to separate fact from fiction, the reality from the adverts and the sales pitches.
1. The very first step you need to take
The importance of this has been amply demonstrated in recent years. Everyone needs to have a minimum of three months’ outgoings in cash. and six months if you have children.
Ideally this should not be in your UAE bank account as that can be frozen for multiple reasons so an offshore bank account is an idea place to keep it.
2. Save as much as you can, as early as you can
The earlier you start saving, the easier it will be for you over the long-term. I am not suggesting that you shouldn’t be having fun in your 20s, far from it, but if you start putting money away as soon as you are able you will be grateful one day.
Having been in financial services for over 25 years, I have met far too many people who have saved next to nothing and then are panicking in their late 40s and 50s as they now have to save very large sums to get anywhere close to security in their later years.
Being in your (late) 20s is not too young to start savings and if you leave it until your late 40s or 50s you will have to set aside far more of your income and won’t have so much time on your side.
We all need to strike a balance between living now and planning for the future but starting early, even with modest amounts is very worthwhile. And everyone needs an emergancy fund. Compound growth and interest over time really makes a difference to how much you end up with.
3. How much should I be saving each month?
How long is a piece of string? There really is no set answer but provided you have paid all your important bills, the next step is to set aside a percentage of your income – before you start spending it on non-essentials.
You will also need to be guided by what you have in assets already. As a very rough rule of thumb, someone in their 20s should be looking at 10% of earnings to start with. In time, increase that to 15% but give yourself flexibility and never pay it all into a long-term savings scheme where you have no access.
In fact, there is no need to tie up your money without access these days as we have great flexible investment options.
If you are in your 40s and have no real savings, you probably need to be looking at saving 30% of your income to get close to a decent investment portfolio at retirement. Even if you can’t manage that much, start by saving a lower amount as everyone has to start somewhere.
4. Is cash as safe as it seems?
Whilst you won’t get any nasty surprises if your money is in cash you won’t get much in the way of a return either. Even with increasing interest rates, the effect of inflation means that the real value of cash diminishes. In the simplest terms, consider this: if you are receiving interest of 2% a year and inflation is running at 4%, your money is reducing by 2% each year in real terms.
Not all investments are risky and we always invest in line with your personal views.
5. Always diversify
It is best to have a properly diversified portfolio of investments. Diversification of your investment portfolio across a range of asset sectors allows you to ‘hedge your bets’. If you spread your exposure across different sectors the overall effect is that you reduce the risk and smooth out your investment returns over time. Putting all your money in tracker funds doesn’t make for a balanced portfolio either.
This means investing in more than just equities and including other asset classes. It also means not just buying property as that is not diversification either. This is one of the benefits of professional advice.
6. Don’t panic
Investment markets go down as well as up. They always have and always will so you must keep always keep the big picture in mind. If you are investing for the long term, avoid rash decisions based on short term volatility.
If your money is invested in accordance with the level of risk you can tolerate, stick with it and recognise that market wobbles happen. Markets lalways recover in time so it really does pay to be patient.
If you are investing for the long term, market fluctuations today will become largely irrelevant over time. See HERE for facts about why you shouldnt worry about fluctuations in stock market prices.
7. Being boring is often better
The flavour of the month type of investments tend to be higher risk and although they may do well for a while, sooner or later most tend to fall in value, often quite significantly. Fashion is for clothes, not for investments!
Steady funds with steady returns in steady hands are what most of us want, most of the time. That also means avoiding highly volatile and unregulated cryptocurrencies and NFTs.
If anyone promises very high returns, or any kind of ‘guarantee’, walk away as no one can give you that. If something sounds too good to be true it usually is.
8. Stop fiddling
Although regular reviews are important, if as in most cases, you are invested in good managed funds (aka mutual funds, unit trusts, investment trusts, ETFs etc.) you don’t have to make too many changes too often. Every six months is fine in most cases provided you are appropriately invested.
A proper adviser will structure a suitable portfolio that will work over the long term and only make changes when needed. Any change incurs a cost, albeit a low one in most cases. and I won’t recommend any changes that are not required.
9. Ensure you understand risk
Attitude to investment risk is a phrase bandied about in financial services but you need to ensure you understand the level of risk across your own investments. Too often I meet people who claim to be quite cautious who are wholly invested in high risk equities.
Most people can take a certain amount of risk once they understand what it really means but it should be at a level that allows you to sleep at night. If you are not sure, find out.
10. Professional advice makes a difference
Multiple studies have shown that people who work with experts (and I don’t mean sales people so do check qualifications) are better informed, save more, and achieve better returns on investments over time.
My experience has taught me what doesn’t work as much as what does and I have access to a range of tools to allow me to thoroughly research funds and structure suitable portfolios.
There is so much more to a good fund than a headline return. Not only are funds considered when structuring portfolios, there is consideration of the markets, market outlook, the future goals and plans of the clients, and potential tax liabilities.
The latter is particularly important for expats but too often overlooked.
A good adviser will make the process simpler for you and you can get on with your life while we manage your money with your interests at heart. Remember, I want you to make money.
I also take over the management of existing investments and while it is not possible to perform miracles overnight, some just need a little TLC and proper ongoing management.
It is about asset allocation, suitable diversification (not just tracker funds), active reviews, seeking, and taking, professional advice and sticking to your long-term strategy. But you can leave the investment geekery to me.
And the afore-mentioned tax issues are relevant too. Ignoring these can be costly down the line when you leave the UAE/GCC.
See this article to find out what a real financial adviser can do for you:
To arrange a discussion on investing smartly, or any aspect of your personal financial planning, please email me at email@example.com
I write articles such as this one as part of the holistic personal financial planning service and that I provide to expats, and the general consumer, financial and legal information that I provide in The National newspaper, in othe media, and on the Facebook group British Expats Dubai.
Please take a look at the other useful articles on this website.
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